Forensic analysis of incinerated human remains using anthropological and genetic approaches

Edgar S. Gisbert Monzón, Elizabeth J Alcalá Espinoza

Resumen


We present the "Mariachi case" which is a representative case with a
history of incineration, referring to a victim of Feminicide, who entered
Forensic Research Isntituto (IDIF) at La Paz, Bolivia, presenting remains
composed of ashes and few fragments of barely analysable bones, whose
identification was not possible using method of Legal Medicine; a study model was applied, proposed by the Forensic Anthropology and Genetics Laboratory, through trials in 54 cases analyzed during 2007 to 2017.

We propose suggestions for the systematization of the study and the approach in cases of incinerated human remains, which begins with the joint assessment of the samples under the criteria of Anthropology and Genetics, where the result of the process lies in the search and selection of the sample analyzable that provides the possibility of establishing the genetic profile; likewise, the selected sample(s) must provide information related to the identification quatrain, whose goal is to know their identity and other aspects related to their death.

Keywords: Incinerated human remains,

protocol, criteria, characteristics,
genome, autosomal DNA, genetic profile


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.25009/revmedforense.v3i2.2562

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REVISTA MEXICANA DE MEDICINA FORENSE Y CIENCIAS DE LA SALUD, Revista de Divulgación del INSTITUTO DE MEDICINA FORENSE de la UNIVERSIDAD VERACRUZANA.

Año 1, No. 1, Febrero- Julio 2016, es una Publicación semestral editada por el INSTITUTO DE MEDICINA FORENSE de la UNIVERSIDAD VERACRUZANA, Av. S.S. Juan Pablo II, Esq. Jesús Reyes Heroles S/N, Fraccionamiento Costa Verde, C.P. 94294, Boca del Río, Veracruz. México. Tel (229)7 75 2000 Ext. 22011, 22501, 22503, www.uv.mx/veracruz/imf . Reserva de Derechos al Uso Exclusivo No. 04-2015-120316322300-203, ISSN 2448-8011 , ambos otorgados por el Instituto Nacional de Derecho de Autor. INSTITUTO DE MEDICINA FORENSE, 29 de Abril de 2016.

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